The Royal Family is in the midst of saying goodbye to the last of its eldest generation in what has proved a 17-months full of upheaval and emotion.
The Queen’s passing last week followed the death of her beloved husband, Prince Philip, in April 2021.
Philip, the former Duke of Edinburgh, was 99 when he slipped away at Windsor Castle, while Elizabeth II was 96 upon her death at Balmoral Castle on September 8.
It means the two eldest members of the royal family have died in quick succession, leaving the Queen's children to take the reins.
Upon her death, the monarch was immediately replaced as sovereign by her heir and eldest son, King Charles III.
Charles, 73, is the oldest person to assume the throne, surpassing William IV, who became king aged 64 in 1830.
But it is not Charles who is the eldest member of the royal family, despite his status as head of the family.
There are 74 years between the eldest and youngest members of the House of the Windsor.
When are the royal family’s birthdays?
The Queen’s birthday was April 21, having been born in London in 1926.
She also had what was known as her “official” birthday — a moveable feast, given it always occurred on the second Saturday of June.
It is likely the King Charles will inherit the same weekend for his “official” birthday celebrations.
- King Charles III (73) — November 14
- Queen Consort Camilla (75) — July 17
- Princess Anne (72) —August 15
- Prince Andrew (62) — February 19
- Prince Edward (58) — March 10
- Sophie, Countess of Wessex (57) —January 20
- Peter Phillips (44) — November 15
- Zara Tindall (41) —May 15
- Prince William, Prince of Wales (40) —June 21
- Kate, Princess of Wales (40) —January 9
- Prince Harry (38) —September 15
- Meghan Markle (41) —August 4
- Princess Beatrice (34) — August 8
- Princess Eugenie (32) —March 23
- Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor (18) —November 8
- James, Viscount Severn (14) — December 17
- Prince George (9) —July 22
- Princess Charlotte (7) —May 2.
- Prince Louis (4) —April 23
- Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor (3) —May 6
- Lilibet Diana Mountbatten-Windsor (1) — June 4
Who are the youngest and oldest royals?
The youngest member of the royal family is Sienna Elizabeth Mapelli Mozzi.
She was born to Princess Beatrice — Prince Andrew's eldest daughter — and her husband Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi on September 18, 2021, meaning she is not quite one-years-old yet.
The oldest is Camilla, Queen Consort, who is 75-years-old.
She was born 1947, shortly after the conclusion of the Second World War, at King’s College Hospital in London.
Why does the monarch have two birthdays?
The tradition started with the Queen's great-grandfather, Edward VII.
He wanted to have a big parade for his birthday but his annual November birthday was not ideally suited to an outdoor public spectacle.
The former king had the bright idea of having a second "official" celebration in June — a tradition that has been in place for a century.
The June occasion is marked by the Trooping the Colour parade. The pageantry has celebrated the official birthday of the British monarch for more than 260 years.
More than 1,400 soldiers, 200 horses and 400 musicians usually take part in the event, making it a colourful and noisy exhibition, especially given thousands of members of the public turn out to watch and wave Unions flags along The Mall.
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